Poultry feed manufacturing process
What is the Poultry Feed Manufacturing Process?
The most common method of processing poultry feed is weight proportioning, batch miss and batch production. They can be divided into two types:
Feed Manufacturing Procedure 01: Raw Materials reception – cleaning & removal of impurities-crushing – batching-mixing – pelleting – sieving & cool – feed pellets packaging
This involves a number of steps such as cleaning, removal of impurities, and crushing, batching and mixing, pelletizing, sieving, and cooling. This is done to maximize efficiency and variety of the raw materials. You can also select different grinding sizes depending upon the age of your poultry. This technology is ideal for processing poultry feed with a variety raw materials.
Feed Manufacturing Procedure 02:Raw Materials reception – cleaning impurities- batching-sifting-crushing – mixing pelleting – sieving & cool – feed pellets packaging
This includes batching, sifting and crushing, as well as mixing, pelletizing and sieving, cooling, and packaging. These are the main characteristics of this process:
It helps to save silo space. The batching bin can be used not only for batching, but also for raw material storage. This allows the crushing chamber to serve as a buffer.
Because of the additional batching process that is performed before crushing, pellets are smaller in size. Because it increases efficiency in the production of poultry feed, smaller pellets are more beneficial.
High-tech equipment and tools with good performance and technical levels are essential. This is essential to ensure that poultry feed processing continues uninterrupted. After batching, Sieving takes place. This ensures that finer materials can be directly added to the mixer. Because they are already fine, they do not need to crushed.
High-quality pellet feed is becoming more popular due to the steady growth of the animal husbandry and feed industries. In addition, poultry feed processing companies are also pursuing improved feed quality. There are many ways to improve feed quality, but the most important thing is to put in effort during the pelletizing process. Also, to control the processing technology. This will not only improve the efficiency of poultry feed processing equipment but also lower the electricity cost at feed factories, so investors and factory owners can reap the greatest economic benefits.
We are happy to answer any questions you may have about the production of poultry feed.
Machinery used in poultry feed manufacturing plant
Lima Machinery’s feed pellet processing equipment is capable of producing pig feed pellet production lines, chicken feed production lines, duck feed production lines, and cattle feed production lines. Feed pellet production lines combine the functions of crushing and mixing, lifting, pelleting. Cooling, screening, and automatic feeding. This unit is medium in size and produces quick results with low investments.
This machine’s purpose is to crush the raw materials into the appropriate sizes for different types of feed. There are many features on the grinding machine that make it more efficient. The machine has a larger grinding surface that allows for full grinding, both for macro and micro grinding. To facilitate maintenance and operations, it is equipped with a movable operation door. To ensure maximum safety, the machine also has a safety interlocking mechanism.
Mixing machines that are reliable and efficient will guarantee consistency in mixing, which will lead to high quality products. This machine mixes different raw materials with fats, additives, and medicine to create high-quality feed. To prevent cross-contamination, the mixing machine must not have dead corners.
For the production of final pellet feed, the poultry feed pelleting machine will be used. Because they contain all nutrients, good pellets can be called complete feed.
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The temperature of the extruded feeds is between 70 and 90 degrees Celsius. Cooling is necessary to reduce the temperature to 5 degrees Celsius, which is ideal for storage. The cooling process prepares the pellets to be stored and should be done as soon as possible. To maximize output, the cooling machine features key features. The cooling machine is octagonal in shape to prevent contamination.
To ensure safe production of poultry feed, cleaning is essential in poultry plants. To prevent cross contamination and deposition, the cleaning machine is designed with a straight line along its outlets. The machine also features a simple and easy-to-use pressure screening system.
This machine is essential in poultry plants as it is used primarily for transportation of raw materials and finished goods. The large inlet allows for the removal of any blockages caused by raw materials.
Depending on the requirements, the product must be packed into bags. To ensure stable operation, speedy packaging and measurement accuracy, the machine is equipped with an anti-shock device. Additionally, the machine has independent suspension weighing sensors that allow for accurate weighing.
The importance of poultry feed plants is great because they produce valuable feed that animals can digest easily, which allows for faster growth. To prepare poultry feeds, harmful additives should be avoided.
Different types of commercial poultry feed
Two factors will determine the type of feed you should give your chickens: their age and whether or not they are meat birds.
Chick starter: This is exactly what it sounds. It’s for the first six weeks (or more) of your baby chicks’ lives. This usually contains 22 to 24 percent protein in the case of meat birds (called broiler starter), and 20 percent for laying species. There are two types of chick starter: medicated and unmedicated. The majority of people feed their chicks with medicated feed. However, organic and small-scale farms that are certified organic or pastured use unmedicated feed.
Young pullet for breeding: The chick starter is removed and the young pullets are given a lower-protein diet. This slows down growth and allows them to have strong bones. A high protein diet can cause rapid development and premature birds to lay. The rations of grower pullets usually contain 18% protein and are given until the chicks reach 14 weeks old.
Young pullet developer/finisher: From 14 weeks old, you can lower the feed to 16 percent until they start laying. Some feedlines do not distinguish between the grower and this stage. They simply have a grower finisher that is somewhere in middle protein.
Layer rations: For strong eggs, laying hens need to be fed 16-18% protein and additional calcium. Layer rations should not be fed to birds under the age of 22 weeks. The high levels of calcium and phosphorus can cause kidney damage. Roosters can consume laying rations.
Broiler rations are high-protein feeds for meat birds: Broiler rations typically contain 18 to 20% protein. This feed is also known as “grower-finisher”. After 12 weeks, the protein content of heritage and pastured birds can be reduced to 16 percent. Some people may prefer to keep heritage meat birds on higher grower-finisher diets until they are ready for slaughter.
Factors that Affect the Quality of Poultry Feed Pellets
- The feed formula is scientifically sound and reasonable
- The quality of the raw materials
- The quality of the processed food
- The production machine’s quality
The quality of poultry feed is affected by many factors. The quality of compound feed is directly affected by the quality of raw materials and processed feed. The nutritional value of the finished feed products is determined by the feed formula. Low nutrition levels or an unreasonable amount of nutrients can seriously impact the feeding effectiveness of breeding objects and cause waste of feed raw materials. Processing quality such as mixing uniformity and particle size, or degree of gelatinization can also affect the poultry feed pellets’ ability to deliver the benefits of the original formula.
Contact us to learn more about the concerns that must be addressed in poultry feed production. We will give you professional guidance.
What is the formula of poultry feed?
Formulating Broiler Feed
Broilers require different feed requirements at different stages of growth. They need different amounts of energy, protein, and minerals. It is therefore important for farmers to adapt feed rations according to their requirements in order maximize production.
Broilers are required to consume a lot of protein as they grow. As they grow older, the energy required to store fat and the protein requirement decreases.
Their starter rations should contain more protein than the grower or finisher rations. A feed should contain between 22 and 24% digestible crude proteins, DCP.
The following guidelines can help the farmer to make the right feed at each stage of growth:
Formula for 100kg of Broiler starter feed (1-4 weeks):
- 57.2kg of whole maize
- 17.2kg of fishmeal
- 20kg of soya bean meal
- 5.8kg of lime
- 140g of premix (e.g Vit and minerals, toxin binder, and growth enhancers)
Amino acids to add
- 70g of lysine
- 70g of threonine
Formula for 100kg of Broiler finisher feed (>4weeks):
- Maize 44Kg
- Soybean Full Fat 34Kg
- Groundnut Cake 2kg
- Brewer Dry Grain 12Kg
- Maize Offal 4kg
- Bone Meal 3Kg
- Methionine 0.25Kg or 250 grams
- Lysine 0.25Kg or 250 grams
- Vitamin/Mineral Premix 0.25kg or 250 grams
- Salt 0.25Kg or 250 grams
Making a 70 kg layers of layers chick mash (1-4 weeks)
Growing chicks require feed with Digestible Crude Protein (DCP) of between 18 to 20 per cent. The following formulation can be used to make a 70kg bag of layers chick mash:
- 31.5kg of whole maize
- 9.1kg of wheat bran
- 7.0kg of wheat pollard
- 16.8 kg of sunflower (or 16.8 kg of linseed)
- 1.5kg of fishmeal
- 1.75kg of lime
- 30g of salt
- 20g of premix Amino acids
- 70g of tryptophan
- 3.0g of lysine
- 10g of methionine
- 70 g of Threonine
- 50g of enzymes
- 60g of coccidiostat
- 50g of toxin binder
Making a 70 kg bag of growers mash (4 to 8 weeks)
Growers (pullets or young layers) should be provided with feed having a protein content of between 16 and 18 per cent. Such feed makes the young layers to grow fast in preparation for egg laying:
- 10kg of whole maize
- 17kg of maize germ
- 13kg of wheat pollard
- 10kg of wheat bran
- 6kg of cotton seed cake
- 5kg of sunflower cake
- 3.4kg of soya meal
- 2.07kg of lime
- 700g of bone meal
- 3kg of fishmeal
- 14g of salt
- 1g of coccidiostat
- 18g of Pre-mix
- 1g of zinc bacitracitrach
- 7g of mycotoxin binder
Making a 70 kg bag of layers’ mash (18 weeks and above)
- 34kg of whole maize.
- 12kg of Soya.
- 8kg of fishmeal.
- 10kg of maize bran, rice germ or wheat bran.
- 6kg of lime.
- 175g premix.
- 70g lysine.
- 35g methionine.
- 70kg Threonine.
- 35g tryptophan.
- 50g toxin binder.
Layer feed should contain a Digestible Crude Protein (DCP) content of between 16-18 per cent.
The feed should contain calcium (lime) for the formation of eggshells (laying hens that do not get enough calcium will use the calcium stored in their own born tissue to produce eggshells).